Jakarta – Not all green energy can be applied in the energy transition journey. Efforts towards energy transitions were already taken in Indonesia for many years, but many of these efforts have had a negative impact on the environment.
Extincion Rebellion Indonesia activist, Melissa Kowara gave an example of the construction of a Hydroelectric Power Plant (PLTA) in Poso, which actually damages the environment because it cleared forests in the area. “There are many solutions in the energy transition using the energy reserves that are currently available,” she told tanahair.net.
Kowara gave other examples such as the use of roof solar panels, the manufacture of windmills on a household scale and the presence of biogas energy. This, she continued, are some examples of how society implements energy transition solutions on a small scale.
“This solution from the community is very useful in efforts to reduce dirty energy and improve the community’s economy and become a defense shield in the phenomenon of the climate crisis,” she added.
Furthermore, Kowara said, all kinds of plans and ideas carried out towards the energy transition will have a better impact, but there is one thing that may be forgotten, namely how to do it and who will do it. Moreover, energy transition does not only involve the government and people who are competent in this field, but also involves all types and groups in society.
One of the problems that are clearly faced by the community is air pollution. In this regard, the government must find the smallest solution with the community on how to reduce a little of the air pollution.
Fabby Tumiwa, Executive Director of the Institute of Essential Services Reform (IESR) said that Indonesia only has less than a decade to be able to massively cut greenhouse gas emissions. According to him, Indonesia must make an energy transition by making changes to the development of fossil-based energy resources.
“Electricity is one of the largest energy resources in our country, power plants currently have to implement a renewable energy mix in order to reduce gross energy on a large scale,” said Tumiwa at the Young Voices 2022 event: Climate Aspirations of the 2045 Golden Generation for the G20 Presidency of Indonesia”, initiated by FPCI together with 30 universities in Indonesia, Thursday (29/9).
Indonesia in 2045 wants to get out of the zone of using dirty energy which in fact has an impact on damaging the climate and environment. For this reason, it is necessary to have an energy transition that will convert dirty energy into clean energy.
“The resulting impact will not only affect the energy sector, but also the land sector, which will make the environment better,” he said.