Jakarta – The Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) launched a roadmap for industrial decarbonisation on Wednesday, 25 October. Both organisations believe that the decarbonisation roadmap is a key step towards achieving net zero emissions (NZE) by 2060.
IESR’s Energy Transformation Programme Manager Deon Arinaldo explained that the report highlights carbon emissions in five key industrial sectors: cement, iron and steel, pulp and paper, ammonia, and textiles. These industries are expected to contribute significantly to the increase in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions if there is no decarbonisation action.
“The Ministry of Industry said the industrial sector in Indonesia has contributed 8-20% to national emissions from 2015 to 2022. Without any intervention action, IESR predicts that total industrial GHG emissions are expected to increase up to 3-4 times by 2060 (in the business as usual scenario),” Arinaldo said in a written statement.
He emphasised the importance of industrial decarbonisation as a milestone to achieve high economic growth, while making Indonesia a developed country with low emissions. Moreover, industries with low-carbon products will be the most competitive industries.
The report said Indonesia can take several key approaches, including improving energy efficiency, electrifying energy needs, shifting to low-carbon energy sources such as renewable energy, and improving efficiency in material use. However, Arinaldo also said that each industry has unique characteristics, so a customised approach is needed for each sector.
Hongyou Lu, an Environment/Energy Technology Researcher at LBNL, underlined the importance of developing different national strategies for each industrial sector. For example, for the iron and steel industry, the right approach is electrification of production processes and energy and material efficiency in the short term, while the cement sector can achieve decarbonisation through the use of clinker material substitutes and low-emission fuels in the medium to long term.
“Industrial decarbonisation is not an option, it is a necessity,” she said. (Hartatik)