IESR, CGS University of Maryland launch studies to achieve 1.5C target

Jakarta – The Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR) and the University of Maryland’s Center for Global Sustainability (CGS) have released two new studies that offer strategies to achieve the 1.5 degrees Celsius global target.

The new studies propose various strategies, including coal plant capacity reduction, flexible operation, early retirement, biomass use, and carbon storage. According to IESR Executive Director Fabby Tumiwa, these strategies can help achieve emission reduction targets by prioritizing the electricity needs of each system.

According to him, around 60 to 70 per cent of Indonesians still rely on coal-fired power plants. However, measures such as the Domestic Market Obligation (DMO) policy make switching to renewable energy sources difficult. Therefore, urgent policy changes are needed to encourage PLNs to switch to clean energy.

Meanwhile, CGS Director Nate Hulman emphasized that their new research offers an ambitious and transformative strategy.

“We believe this strategy is important to provide a new holistic framework for Indonesia’s energy transition to align with the global 1.5°C target,” Hulman said in a written statement Wednesday, June 5.

The 1.5°C-Aligned Coal Power Transition Pathways in Indonesia report found that between 2025 and 2050, biomass co-firing with sustainable sources in 80 units of off-grid coal power plants (13 GW) could contribute to nearly half of the cumulative emission reductions.

Meanwhile, early operational retirement of coal-fired power plants could be applied to 105 units (25 GW), contributing to nearly half of the cumulative emission reductions of on-grid power plants.

Indonesia’s industrial estates ready to support clean energy transition

As part of the effort to achieve a clean energy transition, a new report from the University of Maryland’s CGS examines the potential of Indonesia’s industrial parks in supporting sustainable development.

According to Jiehong Lou, Assistant Research Director at the Center for Global Sustainability, the second report titled “Industrial Parks in Indonesia: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Industrial Development” offers a critical database on 79 industrial parks in Indonesia. This data is expected to help make informed decisions on captive coal development and other aspects related to sustainable industrial development.

Thus, through collaboration between research institutions and the government, Indonesia is expected to implement strategic measures to embrace clean energy and contribute to global efforts in addressing climate change. (Hartatik)

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